Chalkis is the capital of Evia with a population of about 52.000 people. One part of Chalkis is situated on the island of Evia, but the other part is located on mainland Greece. The town of Chalkis lies right at the narrowest point of Evripus strait thus claiming the nickname of the city of “Crazy Waters”. At the strait of Evripus, which Chalkis is situated upon you come across this tidal phenomenon where water seems change direction every 6 hours. The exact time of reversion is determined by the position of the moon.
It’s name originally derives from the Greek word χαλκός which means (copper or bronze) although no remains of mines are found in the area.
The town of Chalkis with it’s two ports, was one the most prosperous cities in Ancient Greece, and was said to be the biggest shipping harbour in Greece in older times. It created colonies from Thrace in northern Greece as far as Italy and Sicily. Because of its prosperity it was invaded by the Peloponnesians, Athenians, Thebans and Macedonians from time to time. From 1205 to 1470 Chalkis and the whole of Evia was under the jurisdiction of the Venetians who built remarkable fortifications. In 1470 it was occupied by the Turks who remained in power for three centuries. It was finally liberated in 1830.
Chalkis is really famous about it’s fresh seafood and the beautiful seafront. When in Chalkis take your time and try to enjoy both as you cannot do the one without having the other. Shopping in Chalkis has been made more easy just recently as Avanton high fashion street has just been paved making the access and the whole experience more enjoyable.